What is Monkeypox and how dangerous is it? Cases are rising globally

Health officials in Europe, the United States and Australia are investigating the recent outbreak of monkeypox, a rare viral disease typically confined to Africa.

Germany announced on Friday. The first case The virus became the latest outbreak in Europe, along with Britain, Spain, Portugal, France, Italy and Sweden.

The United States and Australia This week also confirmed their first cases, as experts try to determine the real cause of the recent spike.

Although some cases have been linked to travel from Africa, recent infections are thought to be present. Spread in the community Increases the risks of a wider spread.

United States Centers for Disease Control and Infection And the UK Health Security Agency He said he was investigating several cases involving individuals who identified themselves.

In the UK alone, cases have doubled since the first identification. On May 7. There are now 20 confirmed cases of Monkey Pox in the country, although there are concerns that many more could not be traced.

People with symptoms of the virus – including itching and fever – are urged to seek medical advice before contacting any clinic.

Susan Hopkins, UKHSA’s chief medical adviser, said on Wednesday: “These latest cases, along with case reports from countries across Europe, confirm our initial concerns that monkeypox could spread in our communities.”

What is Monkey Pox?

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by the monkeypox virus, part of the same family of smallpox, although usually less severe.

The virus was common in remote areas of Central and Africa, usually in the West. First found out In captive monkeys in 1958. The first human case was recorded in 1970.

Monkey Pox was reborn in 2017 in Nigeria after four decades without a single confirmed case. As of May 2022, 450 cases have been reported in the country.

Since then, sporadic incidents have been reported in 10 African countries, including Nigeria, which experienced the largest documentary outbreak in 2017. 172 suspects and 61 confirmed Three-quarters of the cases involved men between the ages of 21 and 40.

Matters outside of Africa have historically been less common, and are usually associated with international travel or imported animals. Previous cases have been reported in Israel, the United Kingdom, Singapore and the United States, all reported in 2003. 81 cases Linked to prairie dogs infected with imported animals.

How do you catch monkeypox?

Monkeypox is spread when a person comes in close contact with another person, animal or material infected with the virus.

The virus can enter the body through broken skin, respiratory tract or eyes, nose and mouth.

The 1971 Center for Disease Control Handout photo shows Monkey Pox lesions on a girl’s arm and leg in Bondwa, Liberia.

CDC | Getty Images

The transition from human to human is most commonly caused by droplets. Although usually requires long-term face-to-face contact. Transmission from animals to humans can occur, meanwhile, through bites or scratches.

What are the symptoms?

Early symptoms Include monkeypox Fever, headache, muscle aches, swelling and back pain.

Patients usually develop rashes one to three days after the onset of the fever, which often begins on the face and spreads to other parts of the body such as the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.

The rash, which can cause severe itching, then goes through several stages before the itching and falling of the Lashkar.

The infection usually lasts for two to four weeks and usually goes away on its own.

What is the treatment for this?

There is currently no proven, safe cure for monkeypox, although most cases are mild.

People are suspected of having the virus. Healthcare professionals are monitored in isolation rooms – places used to isolate patients – and personal protective equipment in a negative pressure room.

A 1997 health investigation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo found the palms of a monkey patient in Lodja, a town within the Kataku-Combe health zone.

However, smallpox vaccines are extremely effective in preventing the spread of the virus. In countries Including the UK And Spain Vaccines are now being offered to people who have been infected to reduce the symptoms and limit the spread.

How dangerous is this?

Cases of monkeypox can sometimes be more severe, with some deaths reported in West Africa.

However, health officials emphasize that we are not on the brink of a serious epidemic and that the risks to the general public are minimal.

Colin Brown, director of clinical and emerging infections at UKHSA, said: “While investigations are underway to determine the source of the infection, it is important to emphasize that it does not spread easily and that Close personal contact with the affected sympathetic person is required. ” Saturday.

Health officials in the United Kingdom, US And Canada For those who are experiencing new pimples or are concerned about Monkey Pox, contact your healthcare provider.

The UKHSA added that it is reaching out to potential liaisons and healthcare workers and providing advice to those who may have been in contact with potentially affected patients.